Index to The Secrets of Wildflowers

A

Aaron's rod, 202

Abbott, Dr., 34

abortion, 23

absinthe, 181

Achillea: millefolium, 180-83; ptarmica, 181; sibirica, 181

Achilles, 182

acne, 163, 171, 196

Actaea: alba, 109; pachypoda, 107-09; rubra, 108; spicata, 108, 109

Adam's flannel, 202

adder's mouth, 125

adderís tongue, 40-43

ag-leaf, 202

Ageratina altissima, 242

AIDS, 208

Aiken, Senator George, 53, 57, 242, 252, 279

Alabama Indians, 231

Algonquin Indians, 23, 24, 154

allergies, 225

Alliaria: alliaria, 39; petiolata, 37-39

alum bloom, 106

amber, 209

amberbell, 40

Ambrosia: artemisiifolia, 237-39; chenopodiifolia, 238; trifida, 237-39

American Botanist, The, 212

American brooklime, 60

American Cancer Society, 70

American horsemint, 163

American mandrake, 99

American valerian, 95

Amorphophallus titanum, 5

analgesic, 118

Anaphalis margaritacea, 62

Anderson, A.W., 95

anemia, 73

Anemone: Canada, 16; European wood, 16; wood, 14-17, 22, 49, 65

Anemone: canadensis, 16; coronaria, 16; cylindrica, 16; hepatica, 9; nemorosa, 16, 17; occidentalis, 16; patens, 16; quinquefolia, 15; virginiana, 16

Anemonella thalictroides, 15

Angier, Bradford, 29, 87, 125, 171

Antennaria: anaphaloides, 64; neodioica, 63; plantaginifolia, 62-64; rosea, 63

antibiotic, 84, 130, 203

antidepressants, 207-08

antiseptics, 55

antispasmotic, 104

ants, 7, 15-16, 42, 49, 52, 56, 71, 83, 139, 278

Apache Indians, 29

aphrodisiacs, 45, 52, 158, 174, 242, 254, 263

Apios: americana, 259; apios, 259; priceana, 258, 259; tuberosa, 259

Apocynum: androsaemifolium, 264, 266; cannabinum, 265, 266

apomixis, 27

appetite stimulants, 84

Aquilegia: caerulea, 33; canadensis, 31-33; vulgaris, 33

Aralia, 47

arbutus, trailing, 17

Argentina anserina, 118

Arisaema: atrorubens, 88; dracontium, 89; stewardsonii, 88-89; triphyllum, 86-89

aristolochic acid, 84

Artemisia, 237

arthritis, 225

artichoke, 249

Arum family, 5-6, 86

arum, titan, 5

asarabacco, 85

Asarum: canadense, 83-85; caudatum, 85

Asclepias: albicans, 141; cornuti, 138; curassavica, 141; incarnata, 141; meadii, 139; purpurascens, 141; quadrifolia, 141; speciosa, 141; syriaca, 138; tuberosa, 142-44

Asclepius, 138, 143

aspergillum, 255

assís-foot, 20

aster, 271-75, 277; Alpine leafybract, 272; calico, 271, 274; Canby's, 272; heath, 275; large-leafed, 275; leafy, 272; Lowry's, 275; New England, 273, 274-75; New York, 275; Parry's, 272; white wood, 272, 273

Aster alpinus, 271

asthma, 5, 19, 64, 68, 87, 104, 138, 154, 165, 203, 237, 275

Astor, John Jacob, 44

astringents, 55, 106, 119, 154

Atropa belladonna, 167

avalanche lily, yellow, 43

avens, 211-12; large-leaved, 211; purple, 211; rough, 211; water, 211; white, 211;  yellow, 211

Avila, Juan, 256

awn, 105

Aztec Indians, 247

 

B

bachelor's buttons, 159

bachelorís-breeches, 35

Bacon, Sir Francis, 119

bacteria, relation to plants, 145, 278

Baldwin, W.T., 92-93

balmony, 253

bamboo: Japanese, 197; Mexican, 197

baneberry: European, 108; red, 108; white, 107-09

Bantron, 220

Barberry family, 99

Barlett, S.R., 277

Bartram, John, 53, 162-63

bear's grape, 172

bearbind, 131, 133

bearbine, 131

beardtongue, 60

bears, 13, 43

beauty lotions, 51, 81-82

bedflower, 116

bedstraw, 115-16; boreal, 116; fragrant, 115; rough, 116; stiff marsh, 115; yellow, 115, 116

bee balm, 162-63; spotted, 163

bee guides. See honey guides.

Beecher, Catherine, 199

Beecher, Henry Ward, 26

beer, 183, 212, 222

bees, 4, 19, 30, 32, 35, 41, 42, 48-49, 53, 75, 76, 93-94, 114, 132-33, 145, 146-47, 148, 151, 189, 193, 227, 231, 232, 246, 249, 251, 262-63, 272

beetles, 4, 39, 42, 176, 178, 203; dogbane leaf, 266; golden tortoise, 133;  Japanese, 181, 226; potato, 166

beggar grass, 194

beggar-lice, 116

beggars flannel, 202

belladonna, 164

bellbind, 133

Bellflower family, 220

Bellis perennis, 102

bells, 33

belly-ache-weed, 234

bennet, 212

benzoin, 56

bergamot, wild, 161-63

Bergen, Fanny, 91

Bernhardt, Peter, 42

berries, 165

beth-flower, 56

bile, 158

bindweed, 131, 166; blue, 166; field, 133; great, 133; hedge, 131-34; hooded, 133;  tuberous-rooted, 134

biological controls, 39, 176, 178

bipinnate leaves, 180

birds, 4, 30, 31, 106, 109, 113, 124, 140, 147, 151, 160, 165, 169, 171, 193, 203, 246, 250, 269. See also hummingbirds.

birdís eye, 52

bird's tongue, 194

birdgrass, 193

Birdseye, Clarence and Eleanor, 200

birdweed, 124, 193

Birthwort family 85

biting persicaria, 196

bitterroot, 266

bittersweet, 166, 167

bitterweed, 236

bity tongue, 195

black cohosh, 154-56

black-eyed Susans, 102, 128-30, 136

blackweed, 238

bladder ailments, 9, 91

Blakeslee, Dr. A.F., 130

Blanchan, Neltje, 3, 14, 32, 46, 53, 56, 59, 69, 70, 82, 103, 107, 125, 132, 133, 139, 150, 155, 169, 174, 186, 188, 203, 211, 213, 222, 224, 226, 230, 233, 246, 265, 272-73, 274, 280

blanket herb, 202

blasts, 256

bleeding heart, Pacific, 35

blister plant, 66

blob, 73

bloodflower, 141

bloodroot, 22-24, 37, 49, 56, 71

bloodwort, 184, 195

Blossey, Bernd, 177, 178

blowball, 25, 113

blue flag, 76-79; larger, 76. See also flag.

Blue Mountain tea, 232, 234

blue sailors, 159

blue-eyed grass, 79

Bluebell family, 220

bluets, 116

bog onion, 8

boils, 16, 63

bones, broken, 81, 244

boneset, 241, 243-45

books, on wildflowers, 284-94

Boone, Daniel, 45

Borage family, 122

Boston University, 38

bouncing bet, 127, 221-22

boys and girls, 35

bread, 87, 248, 258

break-bone fever, 244

breast ailments, 114, 158, 171, 225

Breathed, Berke, 30

Brewer, E. Cobham, 121

brideweed, 228

British Medical Journal, 207

bronchitis, 9, 63, 87, 143, 154, 231

brooklime, American, 60

Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 152

broomrape, 181

Brown, Theron, 205

brown betty, 130

brown dragon, 88

brown-eyed Susan, 130

bruises, 63, 104, 203

bruisewort, 222

Bryant, William Cullen, 15, 54, 276, 280

buck's beard, 114

buckwheat, 193

Buckwheat family 193

buffalo bur, 167

buffalo weed, 239

bugbane, 65, 109, 155; Arizona, 155; Mt. Hood, 155; mountain, 155; tall, 155

bugloss, 122

bull's eyes, 73

bullís-foot, 20

bullweed, 52

bumblebee root, 56

bunk, 159

Burgess, Thornton W., 108

burns, 203. See also skin ailments.

Burns, Robert, 136

Burroughs, John, 3, 8, 22, 31, 34, 35, 40, 59, 91, 97, 104, 123, 140, 146, 170, 190, 192, 218, 222, 223-24, 230, 249, 272, 276

butter-and-eggs, 206, 227-29, 252, 265

butter-bur, 20-21

buttercup, 58, 65-68, 70, 74; bulbous, 66; creeping, 67; meadow, 66, 73, 74; running, 118; showy, 66; swamp, 65; tall, 66

Buttercup family, 9, 15, 32-33, 72, 74, 109, 155

butterflies, 136, 144, 240, 265, 268; American painted lady, 63; Baltimore checkerspot, 252; blue azure, 8; European cabbage, 169; fritillaries, 144; monarch, 138, 140, 266; viceroy, 138, 140; Virginia white, 37

butterfly banners, 35

butterflyweed, 142-44

Butts, Mary Frances, 32

 

C

cactus, 268

cadaverine, 3

caduceus, 143

calcium oxalate, 5, 86, 87

California Native Plant Society, 62

Calonyction, 133

Caltha: leptosepala, 74; natans, 74; palustris, 72-75

calve's snout, 228

Calystegia sepium, 132

calyx, 283

campions, 127, 221

Canada potato, 249

Canadian Museum of Nature, 45

cancers, 24, 51, 68, 70, 84, 98, 119, 171, 182, 219

candelaria, 202

candlewick plant, 202

candy, 51, 52, 84, 158

Canel, Dr. Camilo, 100

cankerwort, 28

capers, 73

carbuncles, 125

cardiac glycoside, 140

cardinal flower, 217-20

Carleton, Will, 245

carminative, 84, 234

carnivorous plants, 173-75

carrot, 185-87

Carrot family, 186

carrotweed, 238

carpenter's weed, 184

Carver, George Washington, 84

catchflies, 127, 221

catchfly, 266

cathartic, 98, 99

cattle. See cows.

celandine, 69-71; brook, 152; garden, 71; lesser, 70

centinode, 194

Cerastium vulgatum, 127

Champlain, Samuel, 97

charms, 36, 242, 245, 256, 266, 275

Cheney, Jane, 117, 119

cheese making, 115-16, 149

cheese-rennet, 116

Chelidonium majus, 69-71

Chelone glabra, 251-53

Cherokee Indians, 9, 219, 220

chew-root, 28

Cheyenne Indians, 238, 258

chick wittles, 124

Chickasaw Indians, 183

chicken pox, 182

chicken's meat, 124

chickenweed, 124

chickweed, common, 25, 58, 124-27; Indian, 125; mouse-ear, 127; star, 125

chicory, 29, 114, 157-60

childbirth, 33, 55, 73, 85, 108, 143, 154

Chippewa Indians, 9, 28, 61, 73, 84, 87, 108, 125, 130, 138, 180, 183, 231, 233, 242, 245, 249, 256, 266, 268, 275

chlorophyll, 199

Choate, Isaac Bassett, 61, 91, 126, 208

chocolate flower, 106

cholera, 106, 177, 196

Christ, Jesus, 16, 59, 148, 212

Christian, Caroline E., 52

Christie, Agatha, 133

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum, 101

churnstaff, 228

Cichorium intybus, 157-60

Cicuta maculata, 186

ciderage, 195

Cimicifuga: americana, 155; arizonica, 155; elata, 155; laciniata, 155;  racemosa, 154-56

Cinquefoil, common, 118; creeping, 118-19; dwarf, 117-19; dwarf mountain, 118; old-field, 118; shrubby, 118; silverweed, 118; sulfur, 265

Cirsium: altissimum, 269; arvense, 267, 268; odoratum, 268; pumilum, 268; vulgare, 270

Clayton, John, 13

Claytonia: caroliniana, 12; lanceolata, 12-13; perfoliata, 13; virginica, 12

clayweed, 20

cleats, 20

cleavers, 115, 116; yellow, 116

cleistogamous flowers, 49, 126, 151, 283

cling-rascal, 116

clock, floral, 113, 158

clock, of seeds, 20, 25, 113

cloth, 266

clover, 42, 145-49; Alsatian, 148; alsike, 148; Dutch, 148; 'four-leaf,' 148;  Kate's Mountain, 146; least hop, 149; meadow, 148; purple, 148; rabbit's foot, 149; red, 146-47, 214; running buffalo, 146; suckling, 149; Swedish, 148; white, 147, 148

Clover Specialty Company, 148

Clovis, 77, 78

cluckies, 33

cluckweed, 124

clumpfoot cabbage, 5

Clute, Willard N., 59, 113, 144, 228

Cnicus benedictus, 269

cocum, 172

codhead, 253

coffee substitutes, 28, 79, 116, 157-58, 247

coffeeweed, 159

Coffey, Timothy, 40

cohosh, 109; black, 154-56; blue, 109; white, 109

cokan, 172

colds, 63, 143, 195, 244, 256, 279

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, 162

colic, 46, 78, 84, 203, 212

colic root, 85

colicweed, 36

collard, 5

color, in flowers, 56, 66, 96, 118, 219, 232, 277. See also honey guides.

colt-herb, 20

coltsfoot, 17, 18-21, 22; false, 85

columbine, American, 22, 31-33, 65, 155; European, 32, 33; Rocky Mountain blue, 33

Commelina: communis, 188-90; dianthifolia, 190; erecta, 190; virginica, 189

Commelyn brothers, 188

Composite family, 26, 62, 65, 103, 114, 129, 157, 158, 180, 239, 241, 243, 268, 273-73, 283

coneflower, 129; cut-leaf, 129; tall, 129

Conium maculatum, 186

Connecticut Botanical Society, 281

conquer-john, 81

constipation, 28, 106, 125, 158, 177, 244

consumption, 154, 203, 253

contraceptive, 84, 88, 183, 187

contrastimulant, 157-58

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), 44

Convolvulus: arvensis, 133; dissectus, 134; rhodorbiza, 134; scammonia, 133; sepium, 132

convulsion root, 200

convulsions, 9, 200, 233, 270

Coon, Nelson, 6, 197, 203, 258

coon root, 23

corkscrew-plant, 263

corm, 41

corn root, 23

cornflower, 159

corns, 68, 70, 171, 174

Cornell University, 37, 177, 178

corpse plant, 199

cottonthistle, 269

cottonweed, 64

cough medicines, 19, 20, 24, 45, 51, 73, 87, 125, 174, 195, 203, 219, 225

coughwort, 20

cow cockle, 222

cows, 30, 36, 43, 66, 102, 104, 130, 146, 147, 171, 181, 195, 203, 222, 229, 236, 248

cow's lip, 73

cow's lungwort, 206

cowbloom, 73

cowgrass, 148, 194

Cowley, Abraham, 113

cowlily, 73

cowslip, 72, 122, 152

cramps, 233, 238

cranesbill, 105

crazy bet, 73

Cree Indians, 266

Creek Indians, 45, 219

Crockett, Lawrence J., 125

crocuses, 79

crosswort, 245

croup, 87, 154

crow's nest, 187

crowfoot, 106; cursed, 67; water, 73, 74. See also buttercup.

Crowfoot family, 9, 15, 32-33, 65-68, 109, 155

Crowhurst, Adrienne, 87

crowsoap, 222

crusaders, 16

crystalwort, 9

cuckoo plant, 88

cuddle me, 52

Culpeper, Nicholas, 9, 16, 28, 33, 59, 69, 104, 114, 116, 119, 125, 138, 158, 165, 182, 187, 196, 203, 212, 214, 228, 232, 270, 275, 280

Cultivator, The, 102, 116, 228, 270

Culverís root, 61

culverwort, 33

curdwort, 116

currants, 91

Cypripedin, 96

Cypripedium: acaule, 94; calceolus, 94; californicum, 96; fairrieanum, 95; fasciculatum, 96; montanum, 96; pubescens, 94; reginae, 95;  spicerianum, 95

 

D

Dahlgren & Company, 248

daisy, blue, 159; brown, 130; bull, 104; butter, 104; button, 104; dog, 184; dun, 104; English, 102; field, 104; Gloriosa, 130; horse, 104; Irish, 28; Maudlin, 104; midsummer, 104; moon, 102; ox-eye, 101-04, 136; poorland, 104, 130; yellow, 130

dagger flower, 78

Dakota Indians, 138, 258

Dakota potato, 259

Dale, Nancy, 60

Dana, Mrs. William Starr, 7, 34, 73, 82, 83, 93, 95, 107, 142, 155, 179, 187, 194, 223, 244, 274, 279

dandelion, 18, 25-30, 58, 113, 114; blue, 159; California, 27; fleshy, 27; harp, 27; northern, 27; wool-bearing, 27

Dandridge, Danske, 23

Darwin, Charles, 151, 173-74, 179, 262, 270

Darwin, Francis, 174

Dasiphora floribunda, 118

Daucus carota, 185-87; pussilus, 186

dayflower, Asiatic, 188-90; birdbill, 190; common, 188-90; slender, 189-90;  Virginia, 189; western, 190

de la Mare, 134

Deacon, E., 16

deadman's bones, 228

deer, 38, 42, 96, 152, 214, 225, 231, 245, 275

deerís tongue, 40

Deland, Margaret, 103, 158

Delaware Indians, 5, 45, 143, 144, 151, 183, 238, 258, 280

delphiniums, 65

dengue, 244

Denison, Elizabeth W., 166

Department of Agriculture, U.S., xvi, 27, 45, 60, 79, 100, 130, 143, 144, 148, 179, 181, 237, 258, 259, 282

depression, 207-08

Deptford pink, 135-36

de Vries, Hugo, 224

devil's apple, 99

devil's ear, 88

devil's flax, 228

devil's flower, 228

devil's head, 228

devil's nettle, 183

devil's plague, 187

devil's ribbon, 228

devil's scourge, 209

devil's vine, 133

dew grass, 174

dew plant, 174

Dianthus ameria, 135-36; caryophyllus, 135

diarrhea, 18, 106, 154, 177, 203, 212, 219

Dicentra: canadensis, 35; cucullaria, 34-36; formosa, 35; spectabilis, 34

digitalis, 61, 108, 266

dioecious species, 269, 283

Dioscorides, 122

diphtheria, 231

Dispatch, Columbus, 39

diuretics, 9, 28, 36, 59, 78, 104, 154, 196, 208, 228, 263

doctrine of signatures, 9, 122, 163, 196, 244

dog bites, 9, 266, 280

dog blow, 104

dog toes, 63

dog's cloves, 222

dogbane, 264-66; spreading, 264-66

Dogbane family, 264

doggies, 228

dogs and cats, 149

dogtooth violet, 40-43

doll's eyes, 107

doon-head, 28

douche, 200

dovedock, 20

dragon flower, 78

dragon root, 88

dragon-bushes, 228

Drayton, Brian, 38

droppers, 41

dropsy, 5, 28, 98, 167, 195, 219, 228

Drosera anglica, 175; brevifolia, 175; capillaris, 175; filiformis, 175;  intermedia, 175; linearis, 175; rotundifolia, 173-75; tracyi, 175

Druids, 255

drunkards, 73, 74

duck, 95

Duke, James, 45

dulcamara, 166

dulcamarine, 164

dummy weed, 21

Durant, Mary, 81, 228

Dutch morgan, 104

Dutchmanís breeches, 34-36, 37

Dutchman's pipe, 200

dyes, 23, 52, 68, 78, 115, 138, 151, 172, 195, 203, 229, 232, 247

dyspepsia, 28, 98, 143, 253

dysentery, 63, 143, 177, 183, 195, 212, 219

 

E

ear jewel, 152

earaches, 183, 203

eardrops, 34

Earle, Alice Morse, 95, 137, 155, 199, 244

earth apple, 249

Eastman, Elaine Goodale, 94, 147,

Eastman, John, 96, 167, 178, 277

eczema, 70, 143, 171, 225

Edison, Thomas, 231

eggplant, 167

eggs-and-collops, 228

elaiosomes, 15-16, 42, 49, 71, 83, 283

Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 33, 158

emetics, 24, 78, 171, 219

enchanter's plant, 255

endive, 157, 159

English bull's eye, 130

enteritis, 78

epilepsy, 51, 115, 195

epiparasite, 198-99

Erigeron philadelphicus, 53

Erynnis lucilius, 32

Erysimum alliaria, 39

Erythronium: albidum, 41; americanum, 40-43; californicum, 43; dens-canis, 40, 41; elegans, 43; grandiflorum, 43; propullans, 41; tuolumnense, 43

esclepain, 138

ethnobotany, xv

etoposide, 98

Eupatorium: compositifolium, 245; fistulosum, 240; maculatum, 240; perfoliatum, 243-45; purpureum, 240; rugosum, 242; urticaefolium, 242

Eurybia: divaricata, 272; macrophylla, 275

Euthamia graminifolia, 233

evening-primrose, 102, 223-25; common, 223-25

Evening-Primrose family 224-25

evening-star, 225

everlasting, 62-64, 90; early, 63; pearly, 63-64; pearly mouse-eared, 63; plantain-leaf, 63

evil spirits, 202, 219, 256

expectorants, 55, 59, 143, 154

eye ailments, 16, 28, 51, 69, 71, 87, 125, 158, 177, 200, 219, 228, 247, 263

eyebright, 200

 

F

fabrics, 79, 247

Fagopyrum esculentum, 193

fainting spells, 200

fairy candles, 154-56

fairy-smoke, 200

fairy-spuds, 13

false bindweed, hedge, 131-34

false Solomon's seal, 82

fawn lily, 40-43; California, 43; coast range, 43; Minnesota, 41; mother lode, 43; Tuolumne, 43; yellow, 43

felonwood, 166

felonwort, 71, 166

feltwort, 202

fertilizer, 248

fertility treatments, 45

fetid hellebore, 5

Fetrow, Charles, 256

fever-plant, 225

fevers, 33, 68, 119, 163, 177, 208, 212, 238, 244, 249, 256, 275

feverwort, 244

fibers, 79, 143, 247, 266

Fields, Annie Adams, 182

Figwort family, 60, 206, 229, 252

filius-ante-patrem, 21

finger leaf, 118

fish, 84, 85, 134, 203, 213

fish mint, 213

fishmouth, 253

Fissipes acaulis, 96

fitroot, 200

fits, 73

five-finger, 118

five-leaf grass, 117

flag, blue, 76; harlequin blue, 79; larger blue, 76; poison, 78; western blue, 79

Flathead Indians, 186

flatulence, 187

flavorings. See seasonings.

flaxweed, 228

fleawort, 116

fleur-de-lis, 77-78

flies, 3, 55, 56, 83, 87, 155, 169, 172, 199, 265

Flora of North America Association, 53

floral clock, 113, 158

flour, 193, 256

flowering sally, 177

flu, 24, 143, 244

fluellein, fluellin, 60, 228

fluffweed, 202

flyflower, 35

flytrap, 266

foalsfoot, 20

foalswort, 20

fodder, 247, 248

Food and Drug Administration, U.S., 70, 84, 208, 220

Forest Service, U.S., 139, 281

forget-me-not, 120-23; Asian, 122; bay, 122;  spring, 122; water, 121

Forman, Emily Shaw, 263

Foster, Steven, 45

four toes, 63

four-leaf clover, 148

four-o-clock, 225

foxglove, 61, 229

foxtail, 177

Franklin, Benjamin, 171

fresheners, 64

Friendly Botanical Societies, 219

frog's feet, 255

fuller's herb, 222

Fumitory family, 35

fungi, plants and, 93

 

G

gagweed, 220

Galium: aparine, 115, 116; asprellum, 116; kamtschaticum, 116; tinctorium, 115; triflorum, 115; verum, 115

gall bladder ailments, 78

gallstones, 28, 115, 158

gallwort, 228

gamma linolenic acid (GLA), 225

gangrene, 56

garget, 171

garlic mustard, 37-39

garlic root, 38

garlicwort, 38

gastritis, 78, 167

Gay, John, 128, 130

gentian: barrel, 278; blind, 278; bottle, 276-80; closed, 278; fringed, 276-80; soapwort, 222; striped, 280; western fringed, 280; white closed, 253

gentian bitters, 280

Gentian family, 280

Gentiana: andrewsii, 278; clausa, 278; crinita, 278; villosa, 280

Gentianopsis: crinita, 278; thermalis, 280

geranium: Carolina, 106; dove's foot, 106; wild, 55, 105-06

Geranium: carolinianum, 106; maculatum, 105; molle, 106; robertianum, 106

Geranium family 106

Gerard, John, 38, 49, 51, 68, 69, 71, 82, 108, 113, 114, 115, 122, 124, 136, 165, 209, 214, 232, 236, 255

German scammony, 133

Geum: aleppicum, 211; canadense, 211; macrophyllum, 211; triflorum, 211; urbanum, 211, 212; virginianum, 211

ghost flower, 199

Gibbons, Euell, 28, 97, 170, 194, 197, 203, 214, 216, 234, 247

Gibson, William Hamilton, 7, 93, 98, 105, 125, 133, 150, 239, 262, 277

Gill, Dr. Douglas E., 94

gill-over-ground, 58

ginger, 20, 83, 84, 85

ginger, long-tailed wild, 85; wild, 49, 83-85

Ginsana, 46

ginseng, American, 44-47, 55; dwarf, 44-47

Ginseng family, 47

Gledhill, David, 60

Gloriosa daisy, 130

Glycine apios, 259

goatsbeard, 113-14

goatweed, 209

godfathers and godmothers, 52

golden Jerusalem, 130

golden marguerites, 104

golden trefoil, 9

goldenrod, 230-35; anise-scented, 232; Atlantic, 233; blue-stemmed, 233;  Canada, 233; early, 233; fragrant, 232; gray, 233; lance-leaved, 233; meadow, 233;  narrow, 234; rough-stemmed, 233; sharp-leaved, 233; stiff, 232; sweet, 234; tall, 233;  white, 234

goldenseal, 55, 82

gonorrhea, 106, 222

Goodale, Dora Read, 8

goolriders, 101

gools, 73, 101

gooseberries, 91, 162

goosegrass, 116, 193

goosethaw, 3

Gosnold, Bartholomew, 258

gout, 16, 46, 187, 195, 196, 203

gowan, horse, 104; meadow, 73; milk, 28; water, 73; yellow, 28

grace of God, 209

grapewort, 109

grass polly, 177

grass-of-Parnassus, 91

grass-pink, 136

gravel root, 242

Gray, Asa, 34, 93, 98, 172, 179, 215, 258, 262

great bitterflower, 73

great ox-eye, 104

green dragon, 89

Grieve, Maude, 20, 29, 38, 51, 66, 70, 87, 98, 104, 108, 113, 124, 134, 174, 185, 214, 243, 249, 268, 281

grip-grass, 116

Gronovius, Johann Friedrich, 13

ground lemon, 99

ground pea, 259

groundhele, 60

groundnut, 257-60; Price's, 258

gum disease, 24, 106

gypsy weed, 60

Gyrostachys, 262

 

H

hag's taper, 202

halictids, 109

Hall, Pamela, 93

hangovers, 50, 225

hard-hay, 209

Harding, A.R., 44

Harlan, Kentucky, 170

hare's beard, 202

hare's foot, 149

Harris, Ben Charles, 171, 253

Hatfield, Audrey W., 67, 118, 125, 204

hawkweeds, 102, 114

Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 17

hay, 101, 102, 159, 236

hay fever, 232, 236-38

hay fever weed, 238

headaches, 16, 33, 46, 50, 64, 68, 78, 87, 96, 163, 182, 203, 256

heal-all, 58

heart diseases, 52, 55, 63, 143

heart-leaf, 85

heart-snakeroot, 85

heartburn, 78, 114

heartsease, 52

hedge garlic, 38

hedge taper, 202

Helianthus: annuus, 246, 250; giganteus, 246, 250; tuberosus, 248, 249

heliotropes, 122

hemlock, poison, 186; water, 186

hemorrhages, 55, 59, 106

hemorrhoids, 183, 228

Henry IV, King, 121

hepatica, 7-10, 17, 22, 49, 56, 65; round-lobed, 8; sharp-lobed, 8

Hepatica: acutiloba, 8; americana, 8, 9; hepatica, 9; nobilis, 8; triloba, 9

Hera, 50

herb bennet, 211, 212

herb bonnet, 212

herb Christopher, 109

herb grace, 255

herb Margaret, 104

herb of the cross, 255

herb Robert, 106

herb trinity, 52, 56,

Herba benedicta, 212

Herba fullonum, 222

Herba sacra, 255

Herba veneris, 254

herbalists, xv

heucheras, 91

Higginson, Mary Potter Thacher, 201

high taper, 202

hives (ailment), 46

hog apple, 99

hog's physic, 217

hogweed, 194, 236

Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 218

holy herb, 255

hoofs, 20

Hooker, Joseph, 126

honey guides, 11, 48, 53, 76, 106, 118, 122, 277

honeybloom, 266

Hopi Indians, 138

horse-cane, 239

horse blobs, 73

horsefoot, 20

horsehoof, 20

horsemint, 163

horsenettle, 167

horses, 102, 104

horseweed, 239

Houma Indians, 167, 233

House, Homer D., 99

Hulme, F. Edward, 121, 212

hummingbird tree, 253

hummingbirds, 31, 32, 151, 162, 163, 203, 217-18, 253

Huron Indians, 98, 247

Hutchinson, Dr. John, 126

hyacinth bean, 259

Hyam, Roger, 60

hydrangeas, 91

hydrophodia, 125

hypericin, 208

Hypericum: perforatum, 207-10; punctatum, 210; spathulatum, 209, 210

hysteria, 5, 96, 115

 

I

Ibidium, 262

Ictodes foetidus, 5

Illinois Indians, 183

Impatiens: biflora, 151; capensis, 151-52; fulva, 151; pallida, 151

impetigo, 51

impudent lawyer, 228

Indian apple, 99

Indian balm, 56

Indian chickweed, 125

Indian chocolate, 212

Indian ginger, 85

Indian hemp, 265, 266

Indian lettuce, 13

Indian paint, 23

Indian pipe, 198-201

Indian Pipe family, 198

Indian potato, 259

Indian sage, 243

Indian shamrock, 55

Indian shoe, 95

Indian tobacco, 63, 219-20

Indian turnip, 87

indigestion, 46, 130, 143

inflammations, 19

inkberry, 172

insect bites, 19, 125, 138, 163, 232, 256

insect enemies, 39, 193-94

insect repellants, 23, 98, 103, 155

insectivorous plants, 88

insomnia, 28, 51, 167, 256

Internet, xvi, 281-282

Io, 49

Ion, 50

Ipomoea: batatas, 134; pandurata, 132; purga, 134; purpurea, 131; tricolor, 131

Iridin, 78

Iris, 77

Iris: florentina, 78; hexagona, 79; missouriensis, 79; pseudocorus, 79; versicolor, 76

Iris family, 79

irises, 76-79

Irish daisy, 28

Irisin, 78

ironweed, 255

Iroquois Indians, 183, 219

Ives, Ella Gilbert, 235

ivy flower, 9

 

J

Jack-by-the-hedge, 38

Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon, 113

Jack-in-the-bush, 38

Jack-in-the-pulpit, 5, 86-89; northern, 89; swamp, 88; woodland, 88

Jack-in-trousers, 33

Jack-jump-up-and-kiss-me, 52

Jacob's ladder, 228

Jacob's staff, 202

jalap, 134, 172

jam, jelly, 138, 162, 163, 197

James, Edwin, 206

jaundice, 9, 28, 51, 70, 104, 158, 165, 195, 228, 233, 253

Jefferson, Thomas, 159

Jerusalem artichoke, 249

jewelweed, 150-53; spotted, 151

Job's tears, 82

Joe-Pye weed, 240-42; hollow, 240; spotted, 240; sweet, 240, 242

Johnny jump-up, 52

Johnson, A.T., 60

Johnson, C.P., 125

Joseph's flower, 114

Journal of the American Medical Association, 207

Juno's tears, 255

 

K

Kalm, Peter, 64, 87, 137, 152, 247

kapoc, 137-38

Kavasch, Barrie, 125

kenningwort, 71

kicking colt, 152

kidney ailments, 9, 28, 165, 183, 187, 242, 263, 279

kidney root, 242

killweed, 177

killwort, 71

king cups, 73, 75

king's cure-all, 225

Kingsbury, John M., 108, 172

kiss-her-in-the-buttery, 52

kit-run-in-the-fields, 52

kitten-breeches, 35

Klamath weed, 209

Kluger, Marilyn, 170

knap, 148

Knoll, Fritz, 277

knotgrass, 192

knotweed, 192-97; Japanese, 193, 196-97; prostrate, 194

Kunze, R.E., 200

 

L

labellum, 93, 283

lace-flower, 187

ladies' ear-drop, 152

ladiesí tobacco, 63, 64

ladies'-slipper, 152

ladies'-tresses, 261-63; fragrant, 261; green-lipped, 263; hooded, 262; Irish, 262; nodding, 261; northern slender, 261; Ute, 263; Western, 262

lady neverfade, 64

lady's nightcap, 133

lady's slipper: California, 96; clustered, 96; mountain, 96; pink, 92-96; showy, 95, 217; yellow, 92-96

lady's thumb, 195

lamb mint, 213

lambís tongue, 40

lambs quarters, 56

Landon, Alf, 247

larkspur, 65, 155, 228

latex, 28, 138, 231

latherwort, 222

Laurance, Ray, 56, 140, 151, 187

Law, Donald, 70, 232

lawns, wildflowers for, 58, 62

laxative, 51, 78, 97, 238, 253

leafminers, 32

leather-breeches, 35

Lee, Penny, 57

lemonmint, 163

Leontodon taraxacum, 27

leopard's foot, 73

leprosy, 16

Leucanthemum vulgare, 100

Lewis, Meriwether, 84, 85, 247

Lewis, William, 208

Library of Congress, 45, 46

Lilium philadephicum, 53

lily: fawn, 40-43; ground, 56; harvest, 133; hedge, 133; liver, 78; snake, 78; trinity, 56; trout, 40-43; yellow, 40

Lily family, 56, 80

Linaria vulgaris, 227-29, 265

liniment, 87

Linnaeus, Carolus, 16-17, 53, 55, 104, 109, 128-29, 138, 183, 188, 259

linoleic acid, 249

lion's mouth, 228

lionís tooth, 28

little boyís breeches, 35

live-forever, 64

liveman, 116

liver ailments, 9, 70, 78, 98, 114, 125, 177, 183, 228, 270

liver-moss, 9

liverleaf, 9

liverwort, 9

Llewelynís herb, 60

Lloyd, John Uri, 220

lluellin, 60

L'Obel, Matthias, 220

lobelia: great blue, 219; pale-spike, 220; red, 217

Lobelia: cardinalis, 217-20; inflata, 219-20; spicata, 220; siphilitica, 219

lobeline, 220

Lombard, Lucinda Haynes, 212

London pride, 222

Longfellow, Henry W., 77, 121

loosestrife: California, 176; Florida, 176; purple, 176-79; yellow, 177; whorled, 177

Louis VII, King, 77

lousewort, Furbish's, 206

love potions, 45, 52, 67, 183, 187, 219

love idol, 52

loveís nest, 63

love-lies-bleeding, 52

love-me, 121

Lowell, James Russell, 26, 30, 67

Lubbock, Sir John, 53, 114, 123

lunacy, 68

lung ailments, 16, 19, 24, 81, 138, 143, 149, 183, 202, 249

lungwort, 202, 206

Lust, John, 125, 143, 228

Lycopersicum esculentum, 167

Lysichiton americanus, 5

Lythrum, winged, 176

Lythrum: alatum, 176; californicum, 176; flagellare, 176; salicaria, 176-79

 

M

macaroni, 77

mackerel mint, 213

madder, 115

Madder family 116

Maianthemum racemosa, 82

maidshair, 116

malaria, 87

Malecite Indians, 253

man-under-ground, 132

mandrake, 99

Mangosteen family, 209-10

marigold, marsh, 21, 72-75

marlgrass, 148

marsh marigold, 72-75; floating, 74; white, 74

marsh turnip, 88

Marybuds, 73

Mather, Rev. Cotton, 70

Mathews, F. Schuyler, 7, 23, 33, 34, 62, 82, 93, 107, 115, 116, 123, 131, 137, 200, 217, 221, 230, 233, 234, 239, 241, 245, 264-65, 277

maudlinwort, 104

May apple, 97-100

May blobs, 73

May-flower, 90

meadow cabbage, 5

meadowbouts, 73

measles, 182

meat tenderizer, 138

Medsger, Oliver Perry, 170

meeting houses, 33

Melilotus, 149

Menominee Indians, 5, 36, 98, 143, 183

menopause, 154

Mentha: aquatica, 216; arvensis, 213, 215; piperita, 215, 216; spicata, 213-16; viridis, 215

Merremia dissecta, 134

Meskwaki Indians, 16, 33, 45, 84, 85, 108, 183, 219, 232, 233, 275

Meyer, Joseph and Clarence, 125

Meyers-Rice, Barry, 281

Miami Indians, 183

Micmac Indians, 5, 183

microspecies, 27

Midas ears, 5

milfoil, 180

milfoil tea, 182-83

milk, breast, 138

milk gowan, 28

milkthistle, blessed, 270

milkweed, 137-41; common, 137; four-leaved, 141; marsh, 242; Mead's, 139; purple, 141; showy, 141; swamp, 138, 141; wandering, 266; white-stemmed, 141

Milkweed family, 139

Millspaugh, Charles F., 26, 28, 47, 66-67, 73, 138, 143, 154, 171, 199, 223, 244

minersí lettuce, 13

mint: brown, 215; common, 215; green, 215; Our Lady's, 215; spire, 215; water, 216; wild, 213

Mint family, 161, 213-16

mint sauce, 214

Mithridates Eupator, 241, 242, 243

mitreworts, 91

Miwok Indians, 144

moccasin flower, 93

mock orange, 91

mock-gilliflower, 222

Mohammed, 51

Mohawk Indians, 66, 183

Mohegan Indians, 23, 45, 63, 87, 268

Mohlenbrock, Robert H., 258

Moldenke, Dr. Harold, 5, 48, 88, 217

mollyblobs, 73

Monarda: didyma, 162-63; fistulosa, 161-63; punctata, 163;

Monardella macrantha, 163

Monardes, Nicolas, 161, 163

moneywort, 177

monkís head, 27, 35

monkeyflower, 60

monophagous insects, 39

Monotropa: hypopithys, 198; uniflora, 198-201

monotypic species, 71, 283

Montagnais Indians, 84

moon flower, 104, 133

moon penny, 104

moonshine, 64

moonwort, 174

Moore, John, 75, 248

More, Thomas, 4

morning glory, 131

Morning Glory family, 131-32

motherwort, 242

moths, 32, 205, 221, 223, 265, 277; crepuscular, 132; gypsy, 178; iris borer, 78; sphinx, 132, 221; yellow-banded wasp, 133

mourning doves, 169

mouse-ears, 9

Moxie, 277

Muehlenberg, Heinrich, 194

Mueller, Fritz, 138

Muellerian mimicry, 138

Muenscher, Walter Conrad, 108

Muir, John, 123

mullein, 60, 202-06, 229; common, 204-06; great, 202-06; moth, 205; purple, 205

mullein tea, 203

multiple sclerosis, 225, 249

mumps, 203

mutants, mutations, 224

mustard, garlic, 37-39

Mustard family, 37-39

mustard root, 38

Myosotis: alpestris, 122; laxa, 122; scorpioides, 121; verna, 122

myrmecochory, 7, 15-16, 42, 49, 52, 56, 71, 83, 283

 

N

Nanticoke Indians, 5, 151, 238

Napoleon, 50-51

narcotics, 167, 171, 203, 219

National Institutes of Health, 207

National Park Service, 37, 282

native plant nurseries, 12

natural enemies, 37-38

Nature Conservancy, The, 178

National Sunflower Association, 247, 248

nausea, 231

necklace weed, 109

nectar, 75, 122, 147, 193, 277

nerve root, 95

nervines, 220, 275

Nesom, Guy, 271

neuralgia, 106

New England Wild Flower Society, 282

New York Botanical Garden, 5, 88, 217

New York Times, 242, 277

nightshade, American, 170; bittersweet, 164-67; black, 166; climbing, 164-67;  deadly, 164, 166, 167; garden, 166; silver-leaf, 167; woody, 166

Nightshade family, 167

nine-joints, 194

nitrogen, 145

Noah's ark, 95

none-so-pretty, 64

noonflower, 113

North American Native Plant Society, 282

nosebleed (ailment), 56, 61, 182, 219, 256

nosebleed (plant), 56

Nova Scotia Agricultural College, 199

noyau, 134

nurseries, native plant, 12

Nutting, Wallace, 25

 

O

obesity, 78, 125

obligate plants, 4

Oenothera: biennis, 225; rosea, 225

Ojibwa Indians, 16, 108, 183, 225, 242, 247, 275

old maid's nightcap, 106

old man's nightcap, 133

old man's pepper, 183

Oligoneuron rigidum, 232

Olson, A. Randall, 199

Omaha Indians, 258

Onopordum acanthium, 269

opium, 24

Orchid family, 79, 92-96, 261, 262

orris root, 78

Osage Indians, 87, 258

Oswego tea, 162

Our Lady's flannel, 202

Ovid, 214

Oxford English Dictionary, 73, 85

 

P

pain relievers, 51, 118

palsywort, 73

Panax: quinquefolius, 44-47; schin-seng, 44; trifolius, 46

Pankhurst, Richard, 60

pansies, 51

pappus, 63, 137, 140, 283

paralysis, 63, 98

parasites, 198

Parkinson, John, 182, 214

Parsnip family, 186

parson in a pillory, 5

Parsons, Frances Theodora, 155

pasque flowers, 16

passenger pigeon, 169

patten and clogs, 228

Paulís betony, 60

Pawnee Indians, 87, 258

Pea family 146

pear vine, 133

Peattie, Donald Culross, 271

pelargonium geraniums, 105

Pellett, Frank C., 12, 250

penny-hedge, 38

Penobscot Indians, 143

peony flowers, 23

pepper turnip, 88

peppermint, 215

pepperplant, 195

peppers, 167

Percival, James Gates, 15

percum-leaves, 209

perfumes, 52, 78, 79, 84, 163, 213-14

Peter's rod, 202

Peterson, Lee Allen, 87

Peterson, Roger Tory, 217, 274

Pharmacopoeia, U.S., 78, 96, 138, 143, 154, 171, 183, 234, 243, 266, 283

Pharmaton Natural Health Products, 46

phlebitis, 19

Phytolacca: americana, 168-72; decantra, 172

pig potato, 259

pigeon grass, 255

pigeon-berry, 169

pigrush, 194

pigtail, 116

pigweed, 194

piles, 70, 81

Pilgrims, 258

pinesap, 198, 199

pink: chimney, 222; Deptford, 135-36; hedge, 222; old maid's, 222

Pink family, 127, 135, 221

pink-eyed john, 52

Pinkham, Lydia E., 155

pinkweed, 194

pissenlit, 28

pistil, 283

pitcher plants, 175

Piute Indians, 183

plague, 68

plantain, white, 63

Plant Conservation Alliance, 282

Plants Database, USDA, xvi, 282

pleurisy, 51, 143

pleurisy root, 142

Pliny, 71, 85

pneumonia, 68, 154

pocan, 168, 172

pocanbush, 24

pocketdrop, 152

podophyllin, 98

podophyllotoxin, 98, 100

Podophyllum: hexandrum, 99; peltatum, 97-100

poison ivy treatments, 82, 150-51, 222, 238

poisonflower, 166

poisons, 98, 108, 138 164, 167, 172, 186, 212, 228-29, 242, 266

pokan, 24

poke, 167-72

poke-root, 24

pokeweed, 24, 168-72

polecatweed, 5

Polhamus, L.G., 231

polk, 171

polkweed, 5

pollen, 123, 236-39, 263. See also pollination.

pollination, 3-4, 14, 24, 32, 49, 56, 59, 63, 65-66, 75, 76, 80, 83, 87-88, 93-94, 97, 103, 106, 122-23, 129, 132, 139-40, 147, 151, 161-62, 179, 199, 215-16, 217, 236-37, 251-52, 262-63.  See also self-pollination, bees, flies and hummingbirds.

pollinia, 139

pollinosis, 238

Polygonatum: biflorum, 80-82; cobrense, 81; commutatum, 80; hirsutum, 81; multiflorum, 81-82; pubescens, 81

Polygonum: amphibium, 195; aviculare, 192, 193; cespitosum, 193; cuspidatum, 196-97; hydropiper, 195; hydropiperoides, 195; muhlenbergii, 194; pensylvanicum, 53, 192; persicaria, 195; sagittatum, 194

poor manís mustard, 38

poorweed, 116

Poppy family, 23, 36, 71

Portulaca family, 13

postage stamps, wildflower, 19, 247

potato, 164, 167, 258

potato bean, 259

Potato family 167

Potawatomi Indians, 84, 108, 242

Potentilla: anserina, 118; canadensis, 117-19; fruticosa, 118; recta, 265; reptans, 118-19; robbinsiana, 118; simplex, 118

poultices, 5, 43, 51, 63, 78, 82, 125, 151, 158, 231, 238, 242, 247

poverty weed, 63, 104

prairie smoke, 211

Pratt, Anne, 66

praying mantis, 231

Preacher, James, 108

preservatives, 84

pretty maids, 89

Price, Sadie, 258

Price's groundnut, 259

priestís crown, 27

priest's pintle, 88

Primack, Richard B., 38, 93

protandric, 252

protopine, 24

psoriasis, 171

Puck's foot, 99

puccoon, 23, 122

puffball, 28

pukeweed, 220

purgative, 98, 99, 133, 134, 172

purple grass, 177

purple willowherb, 177

Purslane family, 13

purvain, 255

pussies, 149

pussy clover, 149

pussytoes, 62-64; pearly, 64; plantain-leaved, 63; rosy, 63; smaller, 63

Pye, Joe, 240

pyrethrum, 103

 

Q

Queen Anne's lace, 185-87

queen of the meadow, 242

Quick, Arthur Craig, 33, 200-01, 225

quillwort, 242

 

R

rabbit's weed, 228

rabbits (plant), 228

raceme, 82

raccoon berry, 99

ragged sailors, 159

ragged-robin, 127, 221

ragweed, common, 236-39; great, 236-39; San Diego bur, 238

Raleigh, Sir Walter, 258

rampion, German, 224

ranges, for wildflowers, xv-xvi

ranstead, 228

rantipole, 187

Ranunculus: acris, 66; bulbosus, 66; ficaria, 70, 71; hispidus, 65; repens, 67; scleratus, 67

Rappahannock Indians, 167

rattlesnakeweed, 186

rattletop, 154

Raudot, A.T., 98

red benjamin, 56

red betty, 217

red dot, 174

red knees, 195

red monardella, 163

red robin, 194

red root, 23

red sally, 177

red-ink plant, 172

redroot, 211

redshanks, 195

redweed, 172

Reese, Lizette Woodworth, 269

refrigerant, 280

rheumatism, 5, 51, 143, 154, 165, 171, 196, 244, 266

rheumatismwood, 266

rhizoctonia fungi, 93

rhizome, 78

rhodium, oil of, 134

ringworm, 23, 70, 171, 203, 244

Roberts, June Carver, 11

rock bells, 33

rock lily, 33

rockfoil, 90

rockweed, 5, 106

Roelofson, Emily Bruce, 122

rope, string, 79, 266

Rose family, 117, 211

rose sundrops, 225

rosin weed, 209

Rudbeck, Olaus, Sr. and Jr., 128

Rudbeckia: fulgida, 130; hirta, 128-30; laciniata, 129; tetra, 130

rue-anemone, 14-17

 

S

Saftmal, 122

sailor's knot, 106

St. Anthony's turnip, 66

St. Benedict, 212

St. John's grass, 209

St. Johnswort, 102, 207-10; common, 207-10; shrubby, 209, 210; spotted, 210

St. Mary's herb, 215

salad greens, 12, 29, 39, 51, 60, 84, 91, 116, 125, 157, 159, 163, 170, 189, 268, 275

salicare, 177

salsify, 114; yellow, 114

salt-rheum weed, 253

sang diggers, 44-45

Sanguinaria canadensis, 22-24

sanguinary, 184

Saponaria: officinalis, 221; vaccaria, 222

saponin, 222

saprophite, 198

Sarrazin, Michel, 98, 108

sarsaparilla, 47

Satin, 212

satinflower, 125

sauce alone, 38

sauces, 38

Saunders, Charles F., 97, 222, 234

Saxifraga: granulata, 91; micranthidifolia, 91; oppositifolia, 90; pensylvanica, 91; virginiensis, 90

saxifrage, 90-91; early, 90; European meadow, 91; lettuce, 91; purple mountain, 90; spring, 90; swamp, 91

Saxifrage family, 91

scabish, 225

scammony, 133-34

scape, 283

scarlet fever, 24

scarletberry, 166

scent, 3-4, 8, 52, 56, 78, 93, 97, 116, 155, 199, 212, 221, 258

sciatica, 196, 275

Schemske, Douglas, 42

scoke, 172

scorpion bites, 122

scorpion-grass, marsh, 121; mouse-ear, 121

Scott, Sir Walter, 50

scratch-grass, 116

screw-auger, 263

scrofula, 40, 43, 59, 61, 70, 78, 138, 266

scrofula root, 40

scurvish, 225

sealwort, 81

seasonings, food, 19, 54-55, 84, 149, 183, 186, 187, 212, 213, 214-15

seasons, for wildflowers, xvi

sedative, 154, 220

seed bank, 39

seeds, 7, 15-16, 42, 49, 71, 93, 94-95, 103, 105-06, 113, 116, 124, 126, 140-41, 150, 152, 186, 269

self-pollination, 19, 24, 59, 63, 169, 241

Semple, John C., 274

Seneca Indians, 247

sepals, 42, 283

serpentís tongue, 40

Shakers, 275

Shakespeare, 50, 51, 52, 66, 73-74, 78, 99, 102, 147, 177, 279

shameface, 106

shampoo, 222

shamrock, 149

Shawnee Indians, 87

sheepweed, 222

shellflower, 253

shepherd's club, 202

shining-grass, 152

Shiraz, 121

shoe of Mary, 93

sickleweed, 195

sightwort, 71

Silene pensylvanica, 53

silver cap, 152

silverbutton, 64

silverleaf, 64, 152

silverrod, 234

silverweed, 118, 152

Silybum marianum, 270

simpler's joy, 255, 256

simplers, 256

sinkfield, 118

sinus ailments, 78

Sioux Indians, 138, 143, 258

Sipes, Sedonia, 263

Sisymbrium alliaria, 39

skatole, 3

skin ailments, 23, 36, 55, 59, 70, 78, 151, 163, 165, 167, 222, 225, 253, 263, 275, 279

Skinner, Charles M., 45, 74, 208, 262, 270

skirt and buttons, 125

skoke, 172

skunk cabbage, 3-6, 9, 17; American, 5; yellow, 5; skunkweed, 5

sleep inducers, 23, 28, 50

slinkweed, 217

slipper root, 95

slipperweed, 152

smallpox, 143

smartweed, amphibious swamp, 195; long-bristled, 193-95; longroot, 195; Pennsylvania, 192, 194; shoestring, 194; smarting, 195; swamp, 194

Smilacina racemosa, 82

Smith, H.A., 60

Smith, Huron H., 36

Smith, Capt. John, 52, 97

snake grass, 121

snakeberry, 166

snakebite (plant), 23, 108

snakebites, 55, 122, 154, 244, 256, 275

snakehead, 253

snakeroot, 40, 65, 241; black, 154; Canada, 85; Vermont, 85; white, 242;  whiteberry, 109

snakeweed, 195

snapdragon, 152, 206, 227, 228

snapweed, 152

sneezewort, 181

soap, 79, 222

soaproot, 222

soapwort, 222

soil conditioners, 145, 238, 239, 248

solanine, 164

Solanum: americanum, 166; dulcamara, 164-67; elaeagnifolium, 167; melongena, 167; nigrum, 166; rostratum, 167; tuberosum, 167

soldier buttons, 73

soldierís cap, 34

Solidago: altissima, 233; arguta, 233; bicolor, 234; caesia, 233; californica, 231; canadensis, 233; graminifolia, 233;  juncea, 233; nemoralis, 233; odora, 232, 234; rigida, 232; rugosa, 233; simlex, 234; spathulata, 234; virgaurea, 232

Solomon's plume, 82

Solomon's seal, 80-82; broadleaf, 81; dwarf, 81; false, 82; giant, 81; great, 80;  hairy, 81; McKittrick's, 81; smooth, 81

solsequia, 73

sore throat, 24, 33, 63, 87, 106, 163, 177, 212, 231

soup, 247

sowfoot, 20

spadix, 86, 87

sparrow tongue, 194

spathe, 4, 86, 87, 88

Spathyema foetida, 5

spearmint, 213-16

speckled jewels, 152

speedwell, 58-61, 206, 229; American, 60; birdís eye, 60; common, 58-61;  corn, 60; Cusickís, 60; slender, 60; spiked, 59; thyme-leaved, 60; water, 60

Spellenberg, Richard, 165

Spencer, Edwin Rollin, 132, 256, 267

spiders, 4

Spiderwort family, 189

spiderworts, 161, 189

spiked soldiers, 177

spikenards, 47, 85

spines, 268

Spiranthes: cernua, 261, 263; diluvialis, 263; lacera, 261, 263; odorata, 261; porrifolia, 262; romanzoffiana, 262

spleen ailments, 158

sprains, 63

Sprengel, Christian, 106, 122

spring beauty, 9

spring-beauty, 11-13, 17, 37; Carolina, 12

squawroot, 154

squirrel corn, 35

squirrel cup, 9

Stack, Frederic William, 7, 9, 34, 74

stamen, 283

stammerwort, 238

staphylococcus infections, 130

star of Jerusalem, 114

starch, 87

starchwort, 88

starflower, 118

starstriker, 40

starweed, 125

starwort, 125

staunchweed, 184

Steffek, Edwin, 245, 278

Stellaria media, 124-27

Steyermark, Julian and Cora, 8

stick-a-back, 116

stickweed, 238

stickywilly, 116

stigma, 283

stinking benjamin, 56

stitchwort, 124

stolon, 67

stomach ailments, 28, 43, 46, 78, 81, 84, 114, 195, 212, 214, 231, 280

stomata, 20, 146

stonecrops, 91

storksbill, 106

strawberry, barren, 118

stress, 45

stuffing, pillow, 137

sturgeon plant, 84

sturgeon potato, 84

Sturtevant, Edward Lewis, 38, 125, 186, 214

styptic, 106

succory, 158

sugar plums, 148

sundew: dwarf, 175; pink, 175; round-leaf, 173-75; slender-leaf, 175; spoon-leaf, 175; thread-leaf, 175; Tracy's, 175

sunflower, 246-50; common, 246, 250; giant, 246, 250; mammoth, 247; Russian, 247; tall, 246, 250

sunflower cookies, 247

style, 283

Swain, Ralph B., 133

swallowwort, 71

swamp cabbage, 5

sweating plant, 244

sweet betty, 222

sweet clover, white, 149; yellow, 149

sweet potato, 134

sweet William, wild, 222

sweet Wilson, 91

sweethearts, 116

swine's grass, 194

swineís snout, 26

Symonds, George W.D., 196

Symphyotrichum: foliaceum, 272; lateriflorum, 273, 274; novae-angliae, 274-75; novi-belgii, 275

Symplocarpus foetidus, 3-6

syphilis, 78, 219, 220, 222, 266

 

T

Tallant, Robert, 82

tannin, 106, 118, 119

tansy, white, 181

Tantaquidgeon, Gladys, 23

Taraxacum: californicum, 27; carneocoloratum, 27; eriophorum, 27; kok-sagbyz, 28; lyratum, 27; officinale, 25-30; phymatocarpum, 27

tattoos, 5

tea, herbal, 19, 20, 59, 96, 118, 149, 162-63, 182-83, 190, 203, 214, 232, 233, 238, 244, 256, 280

teak, 255

tearthumb, arrow-leaved,194

teasel, 230

teniposide, 98

Tennyson, Alfred Lord, 58-59, 120

tepals, 42, 74, 283

Tepedino, Dr. Vincent, 263

tetterwort, 23, 71

textiles, 79, 143

Thalictrum thalictroides, 15

thermogenesis, 4

thimbleweed, 16

thistle, 267-70, 279; blessed, 269; bull, 267, 270; Canada, 267, 268, 270;  cotton, 269; fragrant, 268; pasture, 268; roadside, 269; Scotch, 268, 269; tall, 269

Thomson, Samuel, 219

Thoreau, Henry David, 3, 76, 77, 165, 169, 258, 274, 276

thoroughwax, 245

thoroughwort, 244

thousand weed, 184

thousand seal, 184

throatwort, 212

throughstem, 245

thrush, 106

thujone, 181

tipton weed, 209

toadflax, 60, 227-29, 252

toadroot, 109

tobaccos, smoking, 19, 33, 63, 64, 149, 164, 167, 249, 275

tomato, 164, 167

tonics, 45, 46, 104, 183, 253, 270, 280

tongue grass, 125

toothaches, 5, 70, 96, 104, 106, 119, 196, 203, 232

toothpaste, 24, 222

toothworts, 37

torches, 202

tormentil, 118

touch-me-not, pale, 151

Touch-me-not family, 151

Tradescant, John, 31, 161, 218

Tragopogon: dubius, 114; porrifolius, 114; pratensis, 113-14

trailing pea, 259

tranquilizers, 50, 96, 220, 256

transpiration, 146, 249, 283

traveler's delight, 259

trees, relationship of wildflowers to, 92-93, 199

Trifolium: arvense, 149; dubium, 149; hybridum, 148; pratense, 146-47, 214; repens, 147; stoloniferum, 146; virginicum, 146

trillium: dwarf, 57; large-flowered, 57; painted, 57; purple, 56; red, 4, 49, 55-57; western, 57; wet-dog, 56

Trillium Complex, 55

Trillium erectum, 55-57; grandiflorum, 57; nivale, 57; ovatum, 57; undulatum, 57

trimorphism, 179

trout lily, 40-43; white, 41

true-love, 56

trumpet flower, 242

tuberculosis, 231

tumors, 43, 55, 253, 266

turkey corn, 35

turmeric, 23

Turner, Cordelia Harris, 142

turtle, box, 98

turtlebloom, 253

turtlehead, 60, 206, 229, 251-53

Tussilago farfara, 18-21

tutsan, 209

twisted-stalk, 263

typhoid fever, 138, 240

 

U

Ukrain, 70

ulcers, 19, 23, 43, 51, 55, 59, 104, 119, 125, 182, 253, 279

umbel, 283

University of California, 281

University of Colorado, 24

University of Maryland, 94

University of Mississippi, 99-100

University of Pennsylvania, 265

University of Waterloo, 274

urinary ailments, 115, 242

Ute Indians, 182, 183

 

V

van Gogh, Vincent, 250

vegetable calomel, 99

vetetable mercury, 99

vegetables, wildflowers as, 72, 91, 114, 125, 134, 138, 143-44, 151, 158, 167, 170, 197, 225-26, 248, 249, 257-58, 268

vegetative reproduction, 71

velvet dock, 202

velvet plan, 202

Venus flytrap, 175

Verbascum: blattaria, 205, 206; phoeniceum, 205; thapsus, 202-04, 206

Verbena: bracteata, 256; hastata, 254; officinalis, 254; stricta, 256; urticifolia, 256

Vermont Ladyslipper Company, 95

Veronica: americana, 60; anagallis-aquatica, 60; arvensis, 60; chamaedrys, 60; cusickii, 60; filiformis, 60; officinalis, 58; serpyllifolia, 60; spicata, 59; virginica, 61

Veronicastrum virginicum, 61

verrucaria, 73

vertigo, 165

vervain, 254-56; American, 255; big-bract, 256; blue, 254-56; hoary, 256;  swamp, 256; white, 256

Vervain family, 254

Viadent, 24

Vickery, Roy, 79

vinegar, 183

Vineland, N.J., 28

Viola: blanda, 53; canadensis, 53; conspera, 53; cucullata, 53; guadalupensis, 53; lanceolata, 53; nuttallii, 54; odorata, 52; palmata, 53; papilionacea, 49; pedata, 53; primulifolia, 53; pubescens, 54; rotundifolia, 54; tricolor, 49

violet, 48-54; American dog, 53; birdfoot, 53; bog white, 53; Canada, 53; dogtooth, 40-43; downy yellow, 54; early blue, 53; lance-leaved, 53; marsh blue, 53; palm, 53; prairie yellow, 54; primose-leaved, 53; rattlesnake, 40; round-leaved yellow, 54; sweet white, 53; sweet-scented, 52

violet bloom, 166

violet plates, 52, 158

Vipont Pharmaceuticals, 24

Virgil, 214, 273

Virgin's shoe, 93

Virginia Native Plant Society, 12

vitamins, in wildflowers, 13, 29, 38, 49, 125, 182-83, 225, 248

Vogel, Virgil J., 16

voodoo, 82

vomiting, 23, 68, 78, 143, 266

vomit-weed, 219-20

 

W

Wahl, Stacey, 188

Wait, Minnie Curtis, 99, 129

Wall Street Journal, 45

wake-robin, 55, 88

warts, 69, 73, 98, 174, 203

wartwort, 71

water blobs, 7

water crowfoot, 73

water dragon, 73

water gowan, 73

water-pepper, 195, 196

   mild, 195

wax plant, 199

weather-cock, 152

Websites, 281-82

weed, definition of, xiv

Weed, Clarence M., 66, 76

weevils, 39, 178

Westbrooks, Randy, 108

western wallflower, 266

whippoorwill's shoe, 95

white apple, 259

white bird's eye, 125

white hearts, 34

white man's weed, 104

white tansy, 181

whiteheads, 109

whiteweed, 101

Whittier, John Greenleaf, 88, 234, 257

whooping cough, 24, 87, 104, 149, 154, 165

wild balsam, 152

wild bean, 259

wild beet, 225

wild bergamot, 161-63

wild buckwheat, 194

wild carrot, 185-86

wild celandine, 152

wild flax, 228

wild ginger, 83-85

wild hyssop, 255

wild ipecac, 266

wild jalop, 99

wild lemon, 99

wild licorice, 116

wild madder, 115

wild morning glory, 131

wild potato, 13

wild sage, 245

wild succory, 159

wild tobacco, 220, 228

wild tube-rose, 263

wild turnip, 88

wildflower, definition of, xii

Wildflower magazine, 24, 57, 282

Williams, Alfred, 19

willowherb, night, 225

windflower, 14

wine, 50, 116. 171, 187, 225, 232

Winnebago Indians, 43, 183

winterweed, 125

wire weed, 194

witchcraft, 165

witches, 119, 183, 202, 232, 255

witches' herb, 209

witloof, 29, 159

wolfbane, 65

womanís tobacco, 63

woodbind, 133

woodruff, 116

Woodward, Marcus, 102, 131

woolen, 202

Wordsworth, William, 70

World Wide Web, xvi, 281-82

worms, 220, 253, 279

wormwood, 181; Roman, 238

wound treatments, 5, 59, 81, 84, 104, 119, 125, 143, 151, 182, 208, 214, 225, 231, 280

woundwort, 182

Wright, Mabel Osgood, 36, 77, 230, 232, 258, 274

Wrigley, 213, 214

 

Y

Yankee weed, 245

yarrow, 180-83; California, 181; Siberian, 181; western, 181

yellow bastard-lily, 40

yellow bells, 40

yellow bird's nest, 199

yellow snakeleaf, 40

yellow snowdrop, 40

yellows, 95

yellowthroat, 4

 

Z

Zeus, 49-50

Ziska, Lewis, 237

Zuni Indians, 183, 231